The answers of Vladimir Putin surprised the experts and viewers
The figures presented poorly match the realityIgor NaumovRecently, the leader of the party "United Russia", Chairman of the government Vladimir Putin, communicating with the Russians live, explained in detail his vision of the socio-economic situation in the country. Many of the answers premiere hardly pleased the citizens and the business community. In some of them he clearly put above the requests of the citizens and business interests of natural monopolies and commodity companies. The other part of the answers surprised uniqueness of the presented figures, which do not match the reality.First as Prime Minister, and in total, the seventh chat live with the country Vladimir Putin started with the basics of macroeconomics. In particular, he admitted that by the end of 2008, inflation in Russia will reach the level of 13%. "This is due to the global crisis and that the Central Bank and the Finance Ministry were forced to throw in the economy a large amount of money," explained the Prime Minister. We will remind that in the beginning of the year the government promised to keep the price growth in the 8%. But the negative impact of the global financial crisis to a lesser extent affected the rate of economic growth. "We planned the economic growth of about 7.5%, and we will have about 7%, about 6.8%, 6.9 per cent," he said. However, for the next year, the domestic economy is not optimistic. Instead of the promised 6.7 per cent, according to the latest forecasts of economic development, GDP will limit growth at best 3.5%. But independent experts believe that the pace of development of the Russian economy in 2009 may be zero or even go negative.The answers of Vladimir Putin surprised the experts and viewersThe figures presented poorly match the realityIn sufficient detail, the Prime Minister answered questions on the situation in the labour market. The fight against unemployment Putin referred to the priorities of the Federal and regional authorities. According to him, one of the measures aimed at employment lose their jobs Russians, may increase the possibility of internal migration of labor resources, as well as the organization of public works for the deployment of construction projects associated with infrastructure development. It should be recalled that the idea to support the construction industry at the expense of budget funds, including through the transfer of part of the infrastructure projects under the investment Fund from 2010-2011 at a closer time, driven around by the government more than two months. However, the practical implementation of it has not yet reached. In addition, knowing protracted bureaucratic procedures for making such decisions, we can assume that to do it next year in full will not succeed.However, yesterday was unveiled the other, lying on the surface of the solution to the problem of employment of the population of Russia - to reduce by 50% quota for foreign labor force.This quota has not yet been approved, only the quantitative and should be more than 3 million migrant workers. The head of the Center of social policy of Institute of economy of RAS Evgeny Gontmakher called the proposal "premature and erroneous". In his opinion, in the case of a reduction of the quota of labor migrants, of course, get back home, but the rest will be pushed into the illegal labour market, which is, according to some estimates, over 10 million people. The Russian economy, said the expert, despite the crisis, continues to need foreign labour.Special theme - the prices in the housing market in Russia. "There is a silver lining, the cost of apartments in the whole country, including in Moscow and in St. Petersburg, will decrease", - said Putin. To such an extent that money in the state housing certificates which get transferred to the reserve officers, will be "enough even to buy apartments in major Metropolitan areas," with the support of local authorities.Prime Minister's commendation was awarded to the St. Petersburg city administration. "For St. Petersburg, we agreed with the city administration about what the difference between 34,8 thousand, included in the certificate, and 42 thousand, which is what stands today in St. Petersburg the average square meter of housing, the city will pay for its own account. If we still with Moscow will be able to agree this would be a significant move forward," said Putin, focusing on the fact that the capital of 1 sq m of housing is 44 thousand rubles.The head of the analytical center "Indicators of real estate market," Oleg Repchenko suggested that the Prime Minister, calling the cost of housing in the major cities of Russia at the level of 42-44 thousand rbl. for 1 sq. m., probably was referring to apartments, which the city authorities are building on social programs and buy back at cost. All accommodations have already been distributed to the waiting list. For other apartments in the order of numbers is quite different. Thus, the average price of 1 sq m in St. Petersburg now reaches 80 thousand roubles, and in Moscow - about 150-160 thousand rubles. Under such circumstances the prospects for the former officers to convert GLM in Moscow and St. Petersburg apartment look bleak.Even more outspoken Putin was in relation to gasoline prices in the domestic market. He urged people to get in the difficult position of oil companies on each ton of exported oil are a loss of about $ 68. "And, of course, they try to keep at least some income at the expense of domestic consumers. It's true. This is also to some extent the policy of the state. At the expense of people with large or moderate incomes, at the expense of people who still can afford a car, buy gasoline, we seized the revenues in the budget", - said the Prime Minister. Thus, he actually acknowledged that for people and businesses in the Russian context is bad, both increases and declines in world prices for energy resources. With both hands, they overpay the oil companies and the state.Answering the question about the possibility to freeze the growth of tariffs for housing and communal services to stabilize the economic situation in the country, Putin recalled that the deterioration of infrastructure networks is 80%. Tariffs in housing and communal services are formed of different components, including based on the tariffs of infrastructure monopolies - Gazprom and energy companies. The Prime Minister, in principle, not excluded that it is possible to curb the appetites of monopolists, "keeping in mind that the cost of the materials they need to buy for the implementation of investment programmes also falls". However, to implement this setup, it seems, will not come. "Natural monopolies rely on government-approved rate of growth of tariffs, as these figures are incorporated in their investment programs. And this is the procurement of metals, building materials, ensuring the functioning of entire sectors of the economy and preserving jobs, is lucidly explained Putin. Hence, in this case the population and industry are extreme. Income and investment of natural monopolies put their interests above.