Media: the Soviet legacy threatens to embroil Yanukovych and Medvedev
Russia and Ukraine resumed talks about the ownership of foreign property of the USSR and immediately stalled. Russia insists that she should get all the rights to the Soviet heritage, while Ukraine wants its share.By agreeing to the "zero option" (waiver of debt and property claims), proposed by Moscow, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych risks provoking a new debate about the betrayal of national interests, experts say. If he will continue the policy of his predecessors who demanded to allocate part of the inheritance Ukraine may lose just had contact with Russia as an important strategic partner, writes Nezavisimaya Gazeta.Russia insists on "zero option", arguing that, completely took over the debts of the Union republics and paid them. In addition, the Russian Federation pays for the content of objects belonging to the Soviet legacy. This was stated on air of radio station "Echo of Moscow" Manager of President Vladimir Kozhin. Moreover, in his opinion, Ukraine will agree to this option in the near future.Until that happens, it was absurd: "It causes us political and economic damage, because in some countries, where this position (the position of Ukraine - Approx. ed.) was adopted and reviewed, we are not able to register the ownership of the Russian Federation... the building Stands, and it is registered to a country that doesn't exist, because of the Soviet Union".However, it should be noted that Ukraine has not abandoned his part of the debt, and accordingly claims the portion of the assets of the USSR. The share of Ukraine, according to the documents of 1991, is to 16.37% of the debts and assets of the USSR. The agreement on "zero option", adopted by all the former Soviet republics in 1994, the Parliament never ratified.Moreover, the Ukrainian authorities emphasize that the amount of debt and the amount that can be obtained for the assets are not comparable. If Russia paid about $ 14 billion of Ukrainian debt, as stated in the beginning of April the Minister of foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov, the foreign assets of the USSR is 300-400 billion. On the discrepancy of the amounts indicated to the leader of the Ukrainian people's party Yury Kostenko. According to him, the assets would be enough not only to pay off the debt, but also on the country's development.In addition, Kostenko noted that there are still debts of the former Sberbank of the USSR Ukrainian citizens, which at current exchange rate can be up to 100 billion dollars.Attempts to solve this question had been made previously. It was reported that negotiations were conducted by the Russian leadership with former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko. The politician was ready to officially recognize the "zero agreement" in exchange for five billion loan on preferential terms and the mitigation of gas contracts with Gazprom.Tymoshenko herself the fact of the negotiations denied, however, one of the former officials said that the agreement fell through, as the Prime Minister did not have sufficient support in Parliament and supporters of the then President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko raised the hype in the press.Political analyst Konstantin Bondarenko noted that under Yanukovych to resolve this issue will not be easy, as the members of the Party of regions, according to him, businessmen and pragmatics. They are willing to cede to Russia in the language, humanitarian and even political spheres, but the economy is not so easy to give, the expert explained.What are the Russian Federation and Ukraine agreed after coming to power, YanukovychSuch differences can interrupt the positive dynamics in relations between the two countries in recent time. With the coming to power of Viktor Yanukovych, Russia and Ukraine signed a number of major agreements.The most significant among them was the signing of the document on prolongation of stay of the black sea fleet of the Russian Federation in Ukraine. The agreement was concluded despite opposition protests and allegations of the unconstitutionality of this document. However, thanks to this document, Ukraine received a discount on gas, which will save considerable budgetary funds, and also a large sum for the lease of the military base of the black sea fleet.However, and this issue remained unresolved moments. We are talking about upgrading the ship the Navy and use of hydrographic facilities in Crimea. Ukraine agreed to let Russia Yalta lighthouse occupied by representatives of the Ukrainian state enterprise "state hydrographic service" in January 2006. Don't have a common understanding on issues related to the agreement with Ukraine replacement of the black sea fleet ships, upgrade weapons, and use of onshore facilities.In addition, during the recent visit of the Russian leader Dmitry Medvedev in Kiev signed an agreement on demarcation of the Ukrainian-Russian land borders. This document has also been controversial. The Ukrainian government called it his diplomatic victory, while the opposition warned that Medvedev could secretly get the Yanukovych significant concessions on Maritime boundaries.After coming to power, Yanukovych media reported that Ukraine moves away from the neutral or, rather, Pro-Western orientation and drawn toward Russia. However, in relations between the two countries still remain sharp points. In particular, Yanukovych has not recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, as promised before the election and what to expect from him in Moscow. He referred to the fact that Kiev is not recognized previously Autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija.However, at the next session of the parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Ukrainian leader has taken a step in this direction and stated the necessity of establishing uniform guidelines for the recognition of independence.Many changes were made in the cultural field. In particular, Yanukovych recognized the Holodomor tragedy of the Soviet people, and not the Ukrainian genocide, as insisted on the former Ukrainian leader Viktor Yushchenko.In April of Donetsk district administrative court declared illegal the glorification of Stepan Bandera. The judges have decided that "persons who died before 1991, could not be citizens of Ukraine, and decided the claim to the President of Ukraine on awarding the title of Hero of Ukraine to Stepan Bandera to satisfy a decree to recognize illegal and to annul it.It is worth noting that the Ukrainian leadership has been varied in such matters and tries to balance between different population groups, to smooth the corners and not to cause the deterioration of the situation. In particular, the authorities do not prevent any installation of a monument to Stalin, recognized by the court guilty of Holodomor, nor the conduct of the parade in honor dagurashibanipal Bandera."The East (of Ukraine) should respect the thought of the West (of the country), and the West should respect the thoughts of the East", - said Deputy Prime Minister for humanitarian Affairs Volodymyr Semynozhenko, outlining the government's position about respecting different views on the history of Ukraine.
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